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Since you said that you're both moving here from the US, I assume that your Canadian wife is not a Canadian resident anymore (for tax purpose). In such a case, she would only have to file Canadian tax return if she has income from "Canadian sources" (such as income from Canadian employment, taxable capital gains from Canadian property, etc.). Otherwise she will not have to file Canadian tax.
You mentinoed that she's a US resident - assuming this means that she has greencard and is intending on keeping it, then she'll be treated for US tax purpose no different than you, a US citizen. Meaning that you'll continue filing for US tax (either married jointly, or married separately) even after you move to Switzerland. Basically, if she's keeping her greencard, then your situation is the same as other married American couples. There are lots of discussions on this on EF.
For Swiss tax, you will have tax withholding at source from your salary (similiar to US). Then if your combined income is more than 120k a year, you will be getting a request from the tax authority to ask you the file for Swiss tax. The request might take a while to arrive for your first year though.
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I'm confused by the definition of the non-resident status. I'm Canadian and have been studying in Switzerland since 04.2011. I have income in Canada from 01.2011 to 07.2011. I'm going to be in Switzerland until 2014. Am I (or not) a Canadian resident, given that I don't live there now?
I received a "Lohnauswis - certificat de salaire" from my employer. In it, there are these numbers:
1. Lohn <40,000
8. Bruttolohn total
9. Beitrage AHV/IV/EO/ALV/NBUV
10. Berufliche Vorsorge, 10.1 Ordentliche Beitrage
Which number should I report as my total foreign income, and which as foreign tax paid, in my Canadian tax forms?
I heard that I also need to show proof to the Canadian government that I pay taxes in Switzerland. Will that exempt me from paying the Canadian taxes?
Any experience or help is greatly appreciated!!