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My understanding is that you can apply for the Swiss pass after 12 years in the same gemeinde.
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Not true, every Canton and Commune sets different residency requirements and in theory, a commune cannot set a residency requirement that surpasses that of the canton (just like the canton can't set a residency requirement that surpasses that of the Confederation, which is currently 12 years but will soon change).
Some cantons and communes require non-stop residency (like Zurich), others, like Lausanne in the Canton de Vaud (3 year residency requirement), require that the last year of residency counted immediately precedes naturalization (thus you can spend 2 years in Lausanne, move out and then move back in and you will only have the final year left to fulfill since the 2 years already spent are preserved).
The French speaking parts of Switzerland generally have the shortest residency requirements (2 years in Genève, 3 years in Vaud, 3 years in Fribourg, although Valais is an exception with a 5 year requirement). German parts of Switzerland usually take longer (6 years in Zürich, 6 years in Nidwalden, 5 years in Obwalden, 5 years in Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft, although Bern is an exception with a 2 year residency requirement and Luzern with a 3 year requirement).
The new law that will completely revise citizenship acquisition which was passed by the Conseil National last month will change a lot of things though (Federal requirement will be reduced to 10 years and the original blueprint mentioned that local requirements would be harmonized by putting a 3 year requirement cap on all cantons / communes).
How to find all of this out? Just google "Einbürgerung / Naturalisation" and the name of the commune.