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Old 11.12.2020, 02:54
doropfiz doropfiz is offline
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Re: Psychotherapy, what it is and how to get it

Types of Psychotherapy

Here, too, there is a wide range, depending on the school of thought in which the therapist trained, by other courses that influenced them, by their personal experiences, etc.

Naturally, what I write here is just a brief outline of a few types or schools. I hope that others who know more, whether as therapists or as patients (sometimes called clients), will expand on this.

One path is psychoanalysis. This is a way of allowing the patient to talk freely about anything, and through association of ideas, to journey, bit by bit, deeper into the psyche, uncovering deep patterns formed in one's very early years, to understand how those formative experiences may have influenced one, and to look at one's urges and longings, to see how they are guiding one's actions.

The path that is more or less at the opposite edge of psychotherapy is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). On this path, instead of going back to analyse what caused the issues, the therapy focuses on the here and now, to help the patient to develop strategies to feel better. The idea here is to identify and then un-learn behaviours that don't help, and instead to learn new ways of thinking about an issue, to be aware of one's feelings, and the tension, and to learn methods to apply, right away, to breathe more freely and to get one's thinking out of a rut, and into a better place, which will lead one's emotions to a place of better balance, too.
Swisspea has written about the science of CBT, here:

Another path of psychotherapy is process oriented psychology (POP). It aims to uncover the patterns that keep recurring in the present, and to find out what it would take to learn better ways of interacting, to be happier. Some of this may be deep issues from the past, some may be learned behaviours, and some may be inadequacy and lack of knowledge about how one is influenced by others or influences them. The idea is to find new tools to empower one to pause when one gets that feeling of "oh, no, here we go again", and then to see if one can change direction to feel calmer and also to shift the direction for the others, away from antagonism towards empowered cooperation.

Yet another psychotherapeutic approach is systemic therapy. This model seeks to include all the elements of a patient's life into the psychotherapeutic process. This could include home life, family members in and out of one's onw home, the dog, the garden, friends, neighbours, training for the marathon, the dynamic in the club, etc. The aim is to identify the voices that tend to push one back into an old role, or to find out whether one has left too much power with a specific person or in a constellation of people or situations. Systemic therapy can also help to identify patterns in the way the client relates to others in different contexts, and what needs to change, to obtain more space, or more intimacy, or more collaboration, or greater self-realiance, in order to develop fully and freely.

There are other schools, too.

Last edited by doropfiz; 11.12.2020 at 03:29.
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