Thread: Coronavirus
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Old 14.12.2020, 20:43
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Re: Coronavirus

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The following is a translation of the article in 20 Minutes with the proposed tier system of restrictions.

"The Federal Council proposes three packages of measures to the cantons that would be taken if the Corona situation worsens. Unless the situation deteriorates drastically in the next four days, a complete lockdown is not an option in the short term.
According to the consultation documents, which the Tamedia portals made public on Monday evening, the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA) proposes that a tightening of the measures should not be discussed until 28 December, i.e. after Christmas. The documents are also available to the Keystone-SDA news agency.
According to the documents, stricter measures would only be discussed on Friday if the reproduction rate "should increase rapidly and strongly". Specifically, doubling times of two weeks or less would "trigger a need for in-depth discussion". For example, the reproduction rate (R-value) would have to rise from the current 1.13 (estimate of 4 December) to 1.2.

Restaurant closures" scenario
If this does not happen, the Federal Council will not reassess the situation until 28 December. By then, the R-value should be below 1 and the number of cases should fall again. "If this is not the case and the numbers continue to rise at the end of December, further measures are indicated," the documents state. The aim is to achieve an R-value of 0.8 - i.e. to halve the number of cases every fortnight.
Specifically, there are three escalation levels. If the R-value has been above 1 for three days on 28 December or if the intensive care beds are over 80 per cent occupied, then, according to the FDHA proposal, catering establishments would be closed. Exceptions would still be made, for example, for take-away and delivery businesses as well as hotel guests.
Leisure and sports centres would have to close completely. Only activities such as jogging and cycling as well as outdoor group training for up to five people would be permitted. Cultural, leisure and entertainment facilities would also be closed.

Stay at home" scenario
The second set of measures - where the R-value is above 1.1 or 85 per cent intensive care bed occupancy - imposes additional restrictions. Shops and markets would be closed at weekends, for example, and there would be severe capacity restrictions during the week.
At-risk groups would be specifically protected in this scenario as in spring 2020 - "without discriminating against them". The population would be explicitly called upon to stay at home.

Lockdown" scenario
If the R-value on 28 December is above 1.2 or the intensive care beds are over 90 per cent full, the third package of measures would come into play - the (partial) lockdown. Shops would have to close. The cantons can take a position on two variants as far as exceptions are concerned.
Variant one provides for exceptions for shops whose turnover results to at least two thirds from food and other goods of daily use. The Sunday sales ban would be lifted for these shops.
Variant two provides for exceptions only for the sale of daily consumer goods. Shops that also offer other products would have to cover the corresponding shelves. The Sunday sales ban would also be lifted for these shops.
Private events would be allowed to take place with a maximum of ten people from two households in this epidemiological situation. In public spaces, only a maximum of ten people would be allowed to meet.

Ski resorts not directly affected
According to the FDHA plans, personal services such as hairdressers, tattoo studios, erotic businesses and physiotherapy would not be affected by the respective restrictions. They would continue to be permitted with corresponding protection concepts.
The closure of ski resorts is also not part of the package of measures. It is the task of the cantons to only approve protection concepts if the detailed specifications in the ordinance are ensured, it says in the consultation documents.
"Nevertheless, it should be noted that if further federal measures are taken, the closure of ski areas must also be examined by the Federal Council." For example, according to the Confederation, it would be difficult to explain why ski areas should remain open despite shop closures.

Ongoing assessment
The cantons have until Tuesday evening to comment on the Confederation's proposals. The Federal Council will discuss them on Friday.
According to the currently proposed timetable, the Federal Council will reassess the epidemiological situation shortly after the turn of the year, on 5 January - and take measures if necessary, specifically if a halving period of more than one month continues to be a reality. One of the three packages of measures would also be applied, with slightly adjusted threshold values.
In the first half of January, the Federal Council also wants to "present a plan for the further procedure until spring 2021 in a winter package of measures".
I mean I get the political angle and that nobody wants to ruin Christmas more than it already is. But to declare at a current R of 1.13 (are we that high already?) that the target is 0.8, but nothing would be done until end of the month or we hit 1.2 is just bizarre. The message seems to be "let's enjoy Christmas and worry about this later". Just what people want to hear.
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