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Old 13.10.2009, 11:51
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Nobel Prize Economics: Swiss connex

http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/20...bel-laureates/

"Ms. Ostrom’s path-breaking book, “Governing the Commons,” provides an empirical look at how commons are governed in the real world. She looks at a number of cases, such as Swiss pastures .......For example, in Törbel, Switzerland, a 500-year-old association exists to govern grazing rights on commonly owned mountainous pastures. Each farmer cannot send more cows to the field than they can field over the winter, and no outsiders need apply. This system is rigorously enforced by peer monitoring and it seems to work well"
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Old 13.10.2009, 12:51
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Re: Nobel Prize Economics: Swiss connex

Thank you, I missed it though I am a regular reader of the NY Times and its blogs.

Another quote which made me think of Switzerland:
Quote:
Ms. Ostrom also shows how traditional communities have addressed the problem that upstream farmers may take all of the water from a canal or stream to irrigate their farms, leaving downstream land dry and infertile. In Spain and the Philippines, these problems are handled with intricate systems that allow farmers to draw water for only a fixed period of time. These systems are monitored both by peers and irrigation officials. In the Philippines, these officials are rewarded with land at the end of the waterways, which gives them a particularly strong incentive to monitor effectively.
This made me think of the bisses in the Valais ... I wonder whether they have a similar system?

quickly led me to an answer to my question: Les bisses du Valais, un exemple de gestion durable de l’eau?. It is a long article to which I will return, let me just quickly quote:
Quote:
Elle reposait autant sur une description détaillée des droits de chacun et des amendes frappant les contrevenants que sur un contrôle mutuel très fort, chaque usager travaillant ses propriétés et pouvant observer d’éventuels contrevenants aux règles établies.
[Added]

Reading the article more carefully I found a direct reference to Ms Ostrom:
Quote:
Les bisses du Valais – comme d’ailleurs d’autres systèmes d’irrigation communautaire dans le monde – ont été reconnus comme des exemples probants de gestion durable des ressources naturelles. L’anthropologue américaine Elinor Ostrom a beaucoup travaillé sur les systèmes traditionnels de gestion des ressources naturelles basés sur une organisation volontaire des usagers de la ressource, pour démontrer que ce que d’aucuns ont appelé la « tragédie des communaux » pouvait être évitée pour autant que des mécanismes permettent de limiter le nombre d’usagers et que des règles strictes de répartition des droits et d’organisation de la ressource soient édictées.
All in all a fascinating article ... at least for those who care about such things

[/Added]

Last edited by RetiredInNH; 13.10.2009 at 13:34. Reason: Added new quote
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Old 14.06.2012, 18:11
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Re: Nobel Prize Economics: Swiss connex

RIP: Elinor Ostrom, Winner of Nobel in Economics, Dies at 78.
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