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Old 07.07.2015, 09:52
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passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

Hi, I needed some advice and guidance on my son's legal rights and entitlements in accordance with the new family law. My ex.partner and I had a child together, the child was recognized at the Swiss consulate in Dubai and received the Swiss nationality. My ex.partner and I drafted a family agreement which gave me the full custody of the child and spelled out the visitation schedule. The custody agreement was done at the local authorities in Dubai, I translated it and sent to the Swiss consulate requesting they change their records to reflect that I have the full custody and legal guardianship of the child but didn't get any cooperation from them. I am not Swiss, Jordanian, I felt like I was dismissed based on the fact that I am Arab.The last officer I spoke to was very rude and dismissive. The father has been trying to get my son's passport as a prelude for taking my son out of the country without my permission. The father got a court junction from the local Islamic courts in Dubai to obtain the passport. I wrote to the Swiss Ambassador this morning, but I am not hopeful about getting any responses. I've been searching the net trying to find answers on how the new law treats the passport situation, does the new Swiss family law give the custody of the passport to the parent that has the custody of the child? where does my son's rights stand as a child of a binational unmarried separated couple?
Appreciate your input and thoughts!
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Old 07.07.2015, 10:06
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

All I know is that when one has to request or renew a swiss passport for a child through the normal channels here, one has to answer questions as to the status of the child vis-a-vis the requesting parent. I recall that it had to do with divorced or separated parents and who has the legal authority over the child. I never had to answer 'yes' to that question, so I assume it triggers some other questions or paperwork, like submitting papers on legal authority. I would guess that if the requesting swiss parent does not have legal authority over the child, he/she may not have the right to request the passport, but this is just guessing. You will probably have to contact a swiss family law practioner to inquire and clarify.

If you have 100% parental authority, not sure why an islamic court would give him the right to get a swiss passport for his child he has no rights to. But given the above, this may be what the swiss authorities need to issue a passport to him.
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Old 07.07.2015, 10:15
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

I'm not sure what this has to do with the Swiss. As a Swiss citizen your son is entitled to a Swiss passport. That doesn't mean his father can take hime away. You are in Dubai, you have a legal Dubai custody agreement, so I would think seeking legal help in Dubai to stop your son being taken out of the country would be the way to go.
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Old 07.07.2015, 10:17
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Thanks runningdeer for your response. we reside in Dubai, not Switzerland, and the family agreement we drafted and signed at the local courts in Dubai stated that I have full custody of my son. it didn't go into the details of parental authority. My ex.partner doesn't want to get the Swiss authorities involved bcoz he is trying to use the local system in Dubai that is bias to women. I don't have the local nationality in Dubai, so its strange to have an alien law apply to me and my son. When the child was registered at the Swiss consulate back in 2008, the law requiring an agreement in place between unmarried couple wasn't in place so the official just took "his word" that we are both responsible for the child. Since the divorce was finalized amicably and the custody agreement was put in place, I sent it to the Swiss consulate requesting a change of legal status for the child but my request wasn't acknowledged with any valid reason. I was trying to find an answer to the question of who gets the responsibility of holding the child's passport when an unmarried couple separate and the mother has full custody, though not Swiss? I couldn't find anything on the net and turned to this forum to seek some guidance and advice.

correction,the local system in Dubai is bias to men not women.

Last edited by 3Wishes; 07.07.2015 at 18:03. Reason: merging consecutive replies
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Old 07.07.2015, 10:38
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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Since the divorce was finalized amicably and the custody agreement was put in place, I sent it to the Swiss consulate requesting a change of legal status for the child but my request wasn't acknowledged with any valid reason.
I may be wrong on this but: That's because the child's "status" (who has the legal guardianship) is not registered anywhere at embassy or in Switzerland. Never heard about that.

But you may try to contact the KESB (Kinder und Erwachsenenschutzbehörde / Child and Adult Protection Office) in the Canton of your child's Heimatort (Town of citizenship).
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Old 07.07.2015, 11:23
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

Thanks! that's a good point! I've been trying to register the custody agreement at the local embassy but with no success. the local officer at the Embassy here has been quite unhelpful, dismissing the document without any legal basis.
In addition, the local authorities in Dubai do not prevent the father, though he doesn't have custody, from taking the passport, on the contrary, the local Emirati law give the father that right. But none of us is Emirati, both my son and his father are Swiss, and I am Jordanian. I will need to take legal action and request applying the Swiss law, but I am not sure what the Swiss law says about the child 's passport, any feedback or thoughts on this?
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Old 07.07.2015, 12:05
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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Thanks! that's a good point! I've been trying to register the custody agreement at the local embassy but with no success. the local officer at the Embassy here has been quite unhelpful, dismissing the document without any legal basis.
That's is from your point of view. From his point of view there is no legal basis or any Swiss law to process the documents in the first place. It is like I try to register the name of my car at the car registration place.

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In addition, the local authorities in Dubai do not prevent the father, though he doesn't have custody, from taking the passport, on the contrary, the local Emirati law give the father that right. But none of us is Emirati, both my son and his father are Swiss, and I am Jordanian. I will need to take legal action and request applying the Swiss law, but I am not sure what the Swiss law says about the child 's passport, any feedback or thoughts on this?
The Swiss law says the every Swiss citizen has the right to get a passport.
The relevant law is here: https://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classifi...786/index.html
(Sorry German, Italian, or French only)
Relevant in your case is Art. 11
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1 Sind beide Eltern Inhaber der elterlichen Sorge, so genügt die Unterschrift einer sorgeberechtigten Person.
2 Kann die Zustimmung des anderen Elternteils aus den Umständen nicht ohne weiteres vermutet werden, so ist sie ebenfalls einzuholen.
1 Have both parents custody (which is normal when married) then one parents signature is enough.

2 Is it assumed the other parent may object, or not both parents have custody (not married, divorced or separated) then the other parents signature is needed or proof of sole custody over child.

In the worst case: Although Dubai is not, Switzerland is a member of the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hague_...hild_Abduction
They will not automatically rule in the favor of the Swiss parent.
(Notable is the Case Ruben )
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Old 08.07.2015, 18:52
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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I've been trying to register the custody agreement at the local embassy but with no success. the local officer at the Embassy here has been quite unhelpful, dismissing the document without any legal basis.
Then, perhaps, from the Swiss point of view, it does have no legal basis.

In which case, they will protect first and foremost the rights of their own citizens, as one would expect.

Again, as has been mentioned, you need a lawyer specialized in international law.

Tom
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Old 07.07.2015, 12:20
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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I don't have the local nationality in Dubai, so its strange to have an alien law apply to me and my son.
Why shouldn't an "alien" law apply to you? You live in Dubai and Emirati laws apply to everyone who lives there whether they're a national of that country or not. And you're effectively asking what "alien" Swiss law could help you. Well, the answer is none, because it wouldn't apply in the UEA.

Who is entitled to hold your child's passport is again a matter for Emirati law, not Swiss. The only possible recourse, just in case he tries to bring your child back to Switzerland, is to petition the Swiss court here to recognise your full custody rights as granted by Dubai. Then, possibly, if he brings the child here the authorities would have grounds for arresting him and returning the child to you. However, if you're that worried about it happening then the most immediate action you can take is to refuse to let him see the child unsupervised. If you are always with him he can't really remove him can he? Or, of course, move back to Jordan, taking him with you.
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Old 07.07.2015, 12:43
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

See also:
https://www.eda.admin.ch/countries/u...documents.html

https://www.eda.admin.ch/countries/u...ments/new.html
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Old 07.07.2015, 12:58
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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Why shouldn't an "alien" law apply to you? You live in Dubai and Emirati laws apply to everyone who lives there whether they're a national of that country or not. And you're effectively asking what "alien" Swiss law could help you. Well, the answer is none, because it wouldn't apply in the UEA.

Sorry guys, but the message should be that this woman needs to consult a lawyer ASAP who is specialised in international family law.

It is NOT as straightforward as saying that the local law applies. she needs a specialist.
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Old 07.07.2015, 14:17
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

What is a specialist going to be able to do at this point?

The OP needs to go personally to the Swiss embassy taking both her child's Swiss birth registration and the court document giving her full custody. She could then ask that they put on their records that she absolutely refuses to give consent for her child to be issued with a passport. I'm thinking the ex may turn up with a fake letter/documents showing she's given her permission. If she can scupper that, then he can't get a passport for the child. Also provide them with her/her solicitor's details so they can contact her if they have any questions/doubts about any paperwork put forward in the future.
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Old 08.07.2015, 10:45
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Re: passport issue child of binational unmarried couple

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I have the full custody and legal guardianship of the child
[...]
Appreciate your input and thoughts!
Damm it, some times you do not see the most simple solution.

You request the Swiss passport for your son. Done.
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