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Old 07.04.2016, 06:34
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" zu + verbs "

Am on memrise right now going over my A1 course and its funny for me when I see sentances like " sind Sie bereit zu bestellen? " because " bestellen " alone means " to order " but when I see the word " zu " then i think " to to order " " are you ready to to order " lol funny little language quirks.

you know Old English also had verb exactlly similar to german where " to + verb " was just one word they were connected, I am really really curious as to when English stoped using this method of verbs and started seperating them as " to + verb "
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Old 16.04.2016, 14:44
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Re: " zu + verbs "

Instead of translating "bestellen" to "to order" - think of it as just the "order" part, then it makes a lot more sense

"zu bestellen" -> "to order"
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Old 16.04.2016, 15:23
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Re: " zu + verbs "

When I was beginning to learn German, I found it difficult to decide where to chop the word up, and then look at each word, examples,

Grundstücks verkehrs genehmigungs zuständigkeits übertragungs verordnung

and

Rindfleisch etikettierungs überwachungs aufgaben übertragungs gesetz

Then I learnt that joining several word together can mean something different to the sum of all the words...
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Old 16.04.2016, 15:43
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Re: " zu + verbs "

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" bestellen " alone means " to order " but when I see the word " zu " then i think " to to order "
All germanic languages have a kind of infinitive particle:
DE: zu
EN: to
DK: at
NO: å
NL: te
etc.

But each language describe this differently:
English: to is part of the infinitive form as such.
German: zu is not part of the infinitive as the ending -en (-ern/-eln) is enough to note the infinitive form as opposed to conjugated forms. This zu is only one way to link two verbs in the same clause.

This means that you just have to learn the rules when zu pups up and when not in German and stop comparing.
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