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But would you then need to pay the money back into your Swiss pension again? Or does it start afresh?
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There is no requirement to repay, if there was it would clearly be stated. Same situation if you change from being self employed to becoming an employee.
Subject to Annual limits you could buy back missing years if you wanted to.
I spent several hours researching the potential Tax liability in the UK.
There is a Extra Statutory Concession A10 that allows all benefits earned whilst non resident upto 5 April 2011.
From 6 April 2011 it looked worrying as the Inland Revenue states specifically that 90% of foreign pensions will liable to UK tax.
ESC A10 however will give some benefit from 6 April 2011, if you had 0% UK duties in the UK, then 100% tax relief will still apply.
So most full time employee in CH will be able to take their cash lump sum in the UK tax free.
Here is a copy/paste from Tax Innovations
"Tax on Lump Sum Payments from Foreign Pensions
22 May 2014 By Nick Day
The tax legislation regarding the UK tax treatment of payments of lump sums from overseas pension schemes relating to foreign service changed from 6 April 2011.
Prior to 6 April 2011, although lump sum payments from foreign pensions were taxable, Extra Statutory Concession (ESC) A10 allowed an unapproved foreign pension scheme to pay a lump sum free of UK income tax to an employee who has worked outside the UK, where their non-UK service up to 5 April 2011 is either:
a) 75 per cent or more of the employee’s total service in that employment; or
b) All of the last ten years of the employee’s service in that employment, where their total service exceeds ten years; or
c) Not less than 50 per cent of the employee’s total service in that employment, including any ten of the last 20 years, where that total service exceeds 20 years.
Under these rules you could still get 100% tax relief on lump sum payments, even if your non-UK duties were less than 100% of your foreign service. This is no longer the case.
From 6 April 2011, if you are UK tax resident then Part 7A Income Tax (Earnings & Pension) Act 2003 (ITEPA 2003), often known as the “disguised remuneration” rules, will apply to such payments. Under this legislation, a third party (including a foreign pension scheme) making a payment of lump sum relevant benefits will be taking a “relevant step” and so the value of that relevant step will be treated as employment income for you in the tax year that the relevant step occurs.
The value of the relevant step is subject to various deductions. These include a deduction “on a just and reasonable basis” for periods where you were non-UK tax resident and your employment duties were performed outside the UK. This means that you can no longer get 100% tax relief if your non-UK duties were less than 100% of your foreign service, which could result in a significant income tax charge.
Despite the withdrawal of ESC A10 from 6 April 2011, its application to amounts accrued up to that date has been “grandfathered”. The concession continues to apply to lump sums paid on or after 6 April 2011, but only to the extent that the rights to receive that lump sum accrued before 6 April 2011.
If you think that this change in the treatment of lump sum payments from foreign pensions will affect you, Tax Innovations can help you to arrange your tax affairs in order to minimise the resulting income tax charge."
Link to HMRC page which is misleading ! https://www.gov.uk/tax-foreign-income/paying-tax